Rosacea: Types, Causes, Symptoms and Remedies


Rosacea and its symptoms are not exactly very well-known globally. This is ironic because this skin condition happens to affect millions of people. For example, in America alone, an estimated 16 million individuals have to live with the problem. Similar numbers of affected individuals replicate themselves across the world, including Canada.

While it may be obvious to a trained cosmetic professional, some people who have this skin condition have no idea that they even have it.

However, knowledge of rosacea and its symptoms is a crucial first step to treating this condition. Only when you know that you have it can you find out about the best treatment options for rosacea.

This is the information we are going to provide with this engaging read. In it, we will help you paint a picture of what rosacea looks like. More importantly, we will also cover the cause and the possible routes to flawless skin. Let’s get in!

What is Rosacea?

Before we go into full details about the symptoms of rosacea or the types of rosacea, it is important that you first understand what it is.

According to MedlinePlus, Rosacea is a chronic skin disease that affects millions of people worldwide every year. One of the main treatment options for rosacea is to employ various mechanisms to manage the symptoms of rosacea.

One of the most common symptoms is the breakout of red bumps on the skin. It usually shows up during flare-ups, coming and going for several weeks.

Types of Rosacea

As bad as this skin condition is, it doesn’t stop at the details you see in the definition. It still has four major subtypes that come with their peculiar traits, characteristics, and symptoms. They are:

Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea

Besides being a mouthful, this type of rosacea also happens to be the most popular of all four. By this, we don’t necessarily mean it is the type that affects people the most. It’s just the one people have the most knowledge about.

ETR (erythematotelangiectatic rosacea) can leave its victims dealing with symptoms of rosacea. These include symptoms like flushing and facial redness.

The trademark areas that this form of rosacea affects the most are the cheeks, forehead and nose. But, it’s also possible to experience redness on your scalp. The same goes for different parts of the body around the face, like the chin and neck. More often than not, the condition spreads due to poor management.

In the infant stages of erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, you may only notice redness in a few parts of your face. It may also come with a few blood vessels that look dilated now and then. But, one of the real strengths of the condition is looking unserious enough to be ignored.

If ignored or improperly managed, the symptoms will progress and grow. Eventually, you will have extensive flare-ups very often and over large areas. The worst part is that the symptoms may never clear up at some point.

The redness of the face and the presence of visible blood vessels make the condition easily recognizable. Beyond them, people also report feeling warm, a tingling sensation, stinging or even swelling. In other cases, it’s possible to experience dry, scaly, skin.

Papulopustular Rosacea

If you’ve done research about the symptoms of rosacea and its types, you’ve probably heard of this one. It is alternatively known as acne rosacea. It often causes facial inflammation and redness with visible spider veins across the face. All these are terrible enough as it stands, but the condition doesn’t stop there.

It earns its alternative name by coming along with breakouts that strongly resemble acne. Acne can be associated with different pimples like blackheads, pustules, whiteheads, and papules. However, papulopustular rosacea almost always causes substantially large and painful blemishes. They’re known as pustules and papules, and they grow deep into the skin.

Like virtually every other type of rosacea, the blemishes pick the center of the face as their concentration area. But, they may also show up on the scalp and neck of the victim. In particularly severe and unsavoury cases, it also impacts the shoulders and chest.

Now, if you’ve had any experience with acne, you’ll know that it mostly develops during the teen years of its victims. But, papulopustular rosacea can affect adults, especially middle-aged ones.

Apart from the pimples, papulopustular rosacea sufferers have noticeably sensitive skin. It may sting or burn. To top it all off, they may have extremely dry or oily patches of skin. These patches may then become scaly or thick with a rough, hard feel, referred to as plaques.

Phymatous Rosacea

If you’ve ever asked, “what does rosacea look like,” this type should paint a pretty good picture for you. It borrows features from the papulopustular rosacea and makes the skin look thick with initial plaque breakouts. As time goes by, the skin becomes increasingly bumpy, and it starts to protrude.

People often describe the texture of their phymatous rosacea skin as being similar to scar tissue. More often than not, individuals with this subtype of rosacea develop a sister condition known as rhinophyma.

This condition affects men and women but is more common in women. Almost all the time, it develops as a result of untreated or poorly managed rosacea. Apart from the buildup of extra skin, this rosacea leaves traces of redness and visible blood vessels.

It can also cause your pores to look visibly larger than they should. It is technically a very severe form of rosacea. But, it is also significantly less common than the others.

Ocular Rosacea

As you can probably imagine, “ocular” refers to anything that has to do with the eyes. So, you will be right to guess that ocular rosacea affects the eyes. It usually leads to redness and inflammation inside and around the eyes.

People who have ocular rosacea may notice that their eyes are bloodshot or the surrounding areas are swollen. Apart from that, they may get bumps on their eyelids that look a lot like styes. In addition to that, they may have burning, watery, or irritated eyes that constantly feel like dust got in.

They may also notice a general dryness and heightened sensitivity in the eyes. In a few other cases, the condition can lead to blurred vision and/or photosensitivity. This means they’ll have difficulty focusing on bright lights.

Most of the time, ocular rosacea is diagnosed improperly. The reason is that medical professionals cannot easily link the skin condition and the eyes as an affected area. But, some of the symptoms that show that an individual has rosacea instead of common eye issues include:

  • Visible blood vessels around the eyes and eyelids
  • Redness, swelling, or itchy skin around the yes
  • Cysts on the eyes
  • Symptoms you’ll find in other types of rosacea

Related Article: Top Causes and Treatments for Rosacea

Symptoms of Rosacea

The symptoms of rosacea do not exactly follow a straight pattern. That is, they can differ from one person to the other. These symptoms of rosacea, however, seem to be the most frequently occurring across virtually all patients:

Consistent skin discoloration

This discoloration often resembles a blush or sunburn. Unfortunately, unlike both of those things, this one doesn’t go away. This discoloration usually shows up with several hundred tiny blood vessels close to the skin’s surface.


This is another type of discolouration. But, instead of the skin becoming lighter or redder, it turns dark temporarily. This symptom may spread to the chest and neck with the affected area feeling uncomfortably hot.

Thickened skin

Your skin may become thicker when there’s too much skin tissue. This particular symptom of rosacea can often affect the nose, and, more often than not, it affects men more than women.

Visible blood vessels

Also known as telangiectasia or spider veins, this symptom usually affects the bridge of the nose, the cheek, and other areas of the central face.

Pimples and skin bumps

In some people, acne-like bumps that are red and small may show up on the skin. They sometimes contain pus.

Irritated eyes

People who have rosacea may experience water or bloodshot eyes as a part of the symptoms of rosacea. Usually, their eyelids become swollen and red. Styes also show up occasionally, and in rare cases, their vision may become blurred.

Apart from all these, there’s also the probability of experiencing a few secondary symptoms of rosacea. They include:

  • Stinging or burning sensations on the skin
  • Rough or dry facial skin
  • Facial swelling from excess proteins and fluids leaking out of the blood vessels

More often than not, rosacea affects people with lighter skin tones. But, it can also affect darker people. Here are a few symptoms of rosacea in people with darker skin tones:

  • Swollen or dry skin
  • A warm feeling more often than not
  • Consistent breakouts that resemble acne
  • Yellowish-brown, hard bumps around the eyes, mouth, or both
  • A stinging or burning sensation when using skincare products
  • Patches of dusky brown discoloration in the skin
  • Swollen skin on the cheeks, chin, nose, or forehead

Possible Causes of Rosacea

As we mentioned earlier, experts across the world are not entirely sure what causes rosacea exactly. However, they can narrow it down to the following factors:

Demodex folliculorum

This is a skin mite that spends most of its life on the skin. Usually, it doesn’t cause any problems. But, it is suspected to be one of the causes because people who have rosacea often have more of these mites than those who don’t. Experts aren’t sure whether the mites cause rosacea or the rosacea increases them. But, they’re still a prime consideration.

Helicobacter pylori

This is a gut bacterium. Its primary function is the stimulation of the production of bradykinin. Bradykinin is a small polypeptide that causes blood vessels to dilate. Some experts believe this bacterium may have a hand in the development of rosacea.

Abnormalities in blood vessels

Skin specialists worldwide theorize that abnormalities in facial blood vessels can cause spider veins and facial flushing.

Family history

Several people who are living with rosacea have a relative who has the condition too. This automatically translates to the possibility of a genetic component.

Risk Factors Associated with Rosacea

The causes of rosacea aren’t very well-known. But, certain factors can increase your risk of getting it. They are:

  • Being between the ages of 30 and 50
  • Having fair skin, blonde hair, and blue eyes
  • A family history of the condition, however small
  • Having Scandinavian or Celtic ancestors
  • Women are more likely to develop this condition than men. But, men get it with more severe symptoms.

Rosacea Triggers

Dietary factors can affect the symptoms of rosacea. The following beverages and foods may worsen the symptoms of rosacea if you already have it:

  • Caffeine
  • Hot beverages and foods
  • Dairy products
  • Alcohol like wine and liquor
  • Foods rich in cinnamaldehyde, e.g. tomatoes, citrus fruits, and chocolate
  • Seasonings that contain capsaicin like hot sauce, cayenne pepper and red pepper

Staying away from one or more of these foods will help. At the very least, it will slow down the possibility of flare-ups and assist in rosacea control. However, the best option is to seek out rosacea treatment options in Toronto.

Besides these, a few other factors worsen rosacea by raising blood flow to the skin’s surface. They are:

  • Extremely high or low temperatures
  • Anger, stress, anxiety, or embarrassment
  • Humidity, sunlight, and wind
  • Vigorous exercise
  • Chronic medical conditions like hypertension
  • Saunas and hot baths
  • Acute medical conditions like cold, fever, or cough
  • Corticosteroids and high blood pressure drugs

What is the Best Treatment for Rosacea?

To manage rosacea symptoms, the following treatment options will prove useful:

Venus VIVA Skin Rejuvenation

To understand how this treatment works, you must first understand what collagen is. Collagen is a protein that your body produces for your skin. Alongside elasticin, this protein is responsible for maintaining proper skin health.

It helps to repair damaged tissues. It also improves and maintains elasticity, and keeps your skin generally healthy. When it is depleted for several reasons, your skin becomes more prone to wear. Without collagen, these skin challenges won’t be fixed speedily.

Venus viva skin rejuvenation uses radiofrequency waves to cause bits of targeted damage. It does this to the deeper layers of your skin. Typically, Venus Viva does this through radio frequency waves.

In doing so, it stimulates the production of collagen. When more collagen is produced, it helps you to repair the damage caused by rosacea. So, your skin looks significantly better than it used to before the treatment.

Laser Treatment

This helps to reduce the presence of visible blood vessels associated with rosacea. A typical laser treatment will use intense pulsed light to shrink these blood vessels.

Now, the process can be a bit discomforting. But, most people do not need anesthesia because the discomfort is well within bearable ranges.

Beyond shrinking the blood vessels, laser treatment can also help to remove excess skin. Although this process may be a tad more complicated, it is also a great way to manage rosacea.


It is also known as Accutane. This is an oral medication that severe rosacea sufferers use. It’s usually the option when other treatments are proving unresponsive. It prevents the skin from making oil. Thus, reducing the symptoms associated with rosacea.

However, it is noteworthy that this treatment is incredibly powerful. It can come with some pretty serious side effects. You should not use it without proper supervision if you must use it at all.


Antibiotics that are re-applied orally can have effects that will reduce inflammation. They usually give results much faster than topical antibiotics. A few examples include minocycline, erythromycin, and tetracycline.

Tetracycline, for example, helps to reduce eye symptoms to the bare minimum. Doxycycline reduces dryness, blurred vision, photosensitivity, and itching.

Eye drops

As you can imagine, these are primarily designed to help relieve eye symptoms. An example of a prescription eye drop is blephamide. It is steroid-based and can help to alleviate the symptoms of ocular rosacea.

Related Article: Top Treatment Options for Forehead Wrinkles in Vaughan

Get Rid of Rosacea Today

By all means, rosacea is a pretty serious skin condition. It often leaves its victims dealing with it for quite a bit of time. One of the most common symptoms of rosacea is redness in the affected area. We have also been able to highlight some other less common symptoms.

The good news is, rosacea is treatable. With support from a professional medical aesthetician, you can undergo designated treatments to help relieve the symptoms. Here at Canada MedLaser, we can be your partner in the battle against rosacea. Contact us today to earn a FREE consultation session with any of our highly trained medical aestheticians!

Top Causes and Treatments for Rosacea

Top Causes and Treatments for Rosacea

Rosacea is a long-term skin disorder where the individual experiences a lot of redness on their faces, most commonly on the person’s cheeks, nose, forehead and chin area. In rare cases, redness can also be visible on the individual’s neck, chest and ears.

Redness is an extremely common skin symptom/condition that can be caused by a number of reasons. Some common causes of redness include rashes, burns, eczema from allergies or the weather, acne, rosacea, drug or topical allergies, skin infection, or more severe skin conditions.

On more mild cases of redness, you can reduce the redness and calm the skin by using topical or at-home remedies. You can also get medical aesthetic treatments such as chemical peels, which will yield more effective and long-lasting results as opposed to using at home or topical solutions.

However, for individuals, that experience prolonged cases of redness, more intense treatment options would be required to reduce the redness on the skin. Severe cases of redness are most common due to a skin condition called Rosacea.

Top Causes and Treatments for Rosacea

What is rosacea?

Rosacea is a chronic skin disease that affects more than 16 million Americans. The cause of rosacea is still unknown, and there is no cure. However, research has allowed doctors to find ways to treat the condition by minimizing their symptoms.

There are four subtypes of rosacea. Each subtype has its own set of symptoms. It is possible to have more than one subtype of rosacea at a time.

Rosacea’s trademark symptom is small, red, pus-filled bumps on the skin that are present during flare-ups. Typically, rosacea affects only skin on your nose, cheeks, and forehead.

Flare-ups often occur in cycles. This means that you will experience symptoms for weeks or months at a time, the symptoms will go away, and then return.


Symptoms of Rosacea include very itchy skin, stinging & burning sensations, pimples & bumps, enlarged pores, patches of dry skin, possible vision difficulties and sometimes, blood vessels can show through your skin.

Signs and symptoms of rosacea include:

  • Facial redness. Rosacea usually causes persistent redness in the central part of your face. Small blood vessels on your nose and cheeks often swell and become visible.
  • Swollen, red bumps. Many people with rosacea also develop pimples on their faces that resemble acne. These bumps sometimes contain pus. Your skin may feel hot and tender.
  • Eye problems. Many people with rosacea also experience dry, irritated, swollen eyes and red, swollen eyelids. This is known as ocular rosacea. In some people, the eye symptoms precede the skin symptoms.
  • Enlarged nose. Over time, rosacea can thicken the skin on the nose, causing the nose to appear bulbous (rhinophyma). This occurs more often in men than in women.

Top Causes and Treatments for Rosacea


The cause of rosacea is unknown, but it could be due to a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. Rosacea is not caused by poor hygiene.

A number of factors can trigger flare-ups, including:

  • Hot drinks and spicy foods
  • Red wine and other alcoholic beverages
  • Temperature extremes
  • Sunlight or wind
  • Emotions
  • Exercise
  • Drugs that dilate blood vessels, including some blood pressure medications
  • Various cosmetic products

There are a number of causes for rosacea. A lot of individuals who have rosacea have it because of genetics (it can happen to multiple members in the same family). Some individuals can also get this condition because of blood vessel issues, bacteria or mites.

Some people are more prone to rosacea than others. For example, individuals with lighter skin tones (skin type 1-3) or had severe acne are more likely to suffer from this skin condition. People with family members who have had rosacea, women, and people who smoke can also develop rosacea easier than others.

Related article: Rosacea: Types, Causes, Symptoms and Remedies

Treatments for Rosacea

There are no definite cures for conditions such as rosacea. However, rosacea can be reduced drastically, if the appropriate forms of treatment are used. Topical and oral medication are considered short-term solutions for rosacea. The patient will have to constantly be repurchasing such remedies that will not produce long term results.

Therefore, medical aesthetic treatments such as chemical peels, micro-needling and laser skin treatments are always recommended when patients are seeking more effective and long-lasting remedies to reduce their rosacea conditions.

Top Causes and Treatments for Rosacea

Chemical Peels:

Chemical Peels are a great way to reduce rosacea and redness in general. Chemical Peels consists of an acid solution (that can be mild or medium) that is adjusted to fit the patient’s specific needs and it is applied to the face. After the chemical peel solution is applied to the patient’s face, the outermost layer of the skin is sloughed off and it allows your skin to regenerate itself.

Ultimately, the redness and acne in your skin that you have experienced from rosacea will be dramatically reduced. Chemical Peels require very little downtime, cleanses your skin from within, and increases cell turnover rate. There are multiple types of chemical peels- each contains a different type of acid. Most chemical peels are composed of carefully customized portions of glycolic acid, salicylic acid (beta hydroxy acid BHA) or lactic acid (alpha hydroxy acid AHA).

Chemical peels cannot completely treat rosacea, but it can significantly reduce the redness, acne and bumps that can be caused by it.

Laser Skin Treatments:

Laser Skin Treatments are also an effective way to treat rosacea and redness. At Canada MedLaser clinics, we use the Candela GentleMax Pro – a top of the line laser machine that provides long-lasting results for skin treatments. Laser light is attracted to the pigment visible veins and redness, causing a coagulation of the blood of the spider vein(s), resulting in them becoming invisible to the naked eye.

This dramatically reduces the redness and veins developed from rosacea. This treatment has little downtime, has minimal discomfort and the treatment can be as little as five minutes. To maintain the best results, sunscreen with SPF 30 and a pharmaceutical solution complex needs to be consistently applied to the skin after the treatment.


Microneedling, which is also known as Skin Needling or Collagen Induction Therapy is a skin treatment that also treats redness and rosacea. Tiny needles are used to puncture the skin, creating controlled injury. As the skin is being punctured with microneedles, your natural collagen rushes to the surface of the epidermal layers on your skin. The collagen then repairs any damage on the outer layers of the skin, plumps the skin and reduces the appearance of redness.

Microneedling skin treatments are safe, relatively painless, require zero downtime and it is a natural form of treatment as no chemicals are involved. Microneedling has to be done every four to six weeks, to maintain effective results, and it also helps with rejuvenating the skin.

Top Causes and Treatments for Rosacea

In Conclusion

There is no cure for rosacea, but you can control it with treatment. Rosacea affects everyone differently and it can take time to figure out how to manage your condition. The best way to prevent an outbreak is to work with your doctor to develop a treatment plan and avoid your triggers.

We at Canada MedLaser in Maple can provide the best solution for you to battle and get rid of rosacea. Call our expert beauty technicians today and get a free consultation. Together, let’s achieve that clear and beautiful face that you deserve!