What Are the Causes of Skin Pigmentation?

Causes of Skin Pigmentation

There’s a reason why knowledge of the causes of skin pigmentation is important. The skin is unarguably the largest organ in the human body. It is capable of a lot of things and performs various functions. It is also responsible for absorbing certain useful vitamins and protecting your internal organs from microorganisms. 

However, as much as it is excellent for the performance of several functions, it is also quite prone to several conditions. One such condition is skin pigmentation.

Contrary to what you may think, skin pigmentation is actually very common. So common that millions of people across the world have to deal with it. Now, it doesn’t exactly have any serious health risks. But it isn’t very aesthetically pleasing. In this article, we’ll be exploring the causes of skin pigmentation, the ways you can prevent it, and how you can treat it if you have it already.

Causes of Skin Pigmentation

What is Skin Pigmentation?

Also referred to as hyperpigmentation, skin pigmentation is a difference in your skin’s pigmentation/colour. It is characterized by the appearance of darker patches on your skin. It affects people for different reasons, and it often appears on the arms, legs, and face, among others. While it does affect different kinds of people, it is particularly common among people with darker skin tones. 

Skin pigmentation can appear in small patches here and there on your body. But, that’s not the only form as skin pigmentation can also come along in the form of large patches. In severe cases, the pigmentation may even cover your entire body. 

Now, skin pigmentation isn’t a harmful skin condition on its own. We’ve established this already. However, it can be the symptom of a different skin condition. In that case, it may become important to seek medical attention to treat the underlying medical condition. 

What Are The Different Types of Skin Pigmentation?

Before discussing the causes of skin pigmentation, you need to know the different types of pigmentation. Now, there are different types, with many of them being grouped based on the factors that caused them. They are:

Age spots

These are alternatively referred to as sunspots. As you can imagine, they often appear on your skin as you get older. This type of pigmentation is directly related to the amount of time you spend in the sun. Essentially, the older you are, the more time you will have spent outside in the sun. Furthermore, the more time you’ve spent in the sun, the more likely you are to get sun/age spots. 

More often than not, they’ll appear on the parts of your body that are most frequently touched by the sun when you’re outside. So, unless you spend your entire lifetime wearing long sleeve shirts or trousers, then, you’ll have them appear on your arms and legs. Alongside that, they may also appear on your face and neck. 



This is a fairly more serious form of pigmentation. The pigmentation itself doesn’t pose any health challenges. However, most people deem it serious because it is characterized by the sudden/gradual appearance of huge patches of dark spots on your skin, especially your face and stomach. With such pigmentation patches on your face, it is nearly impossible for others not to notice it.

Also referred to as chloasma, it usually affects women during pregnancy. So much so that some people refer to it as the mask of pregnancy. The prevalence in women can be linked to the noticeable change in hormones during that period. Alongside that, it can also come along after taking oral contraceptives because these can lead to hormonal changes. However, despite the difference in the “hormone landscape” between genders, it has been known to affect a few men. 

Post-inflammatory pigmentation

As implied by the name, this type of pigmentation often shows up after your body heals from an inflammation. Usually, the injury heals up and then leaves a flat patch of discoloration on your skin. It usually happens to people who have recently recovered from acne or acne treatments. 

It is also fairly common among those who have recently undergone cosmetic procedures like chemical peels, laser treatment, and/or dermabrasion.

What Are The Causes of Skin Pigmentation?

If you’re curious about what causes pigmentation, you should know that the general answer to that is an increase in your melanin production. Even if you’re not particularly inclined towards science, you must’ve heard the word melanin once or twice on the internet. 

It is the special pigment in your body that’s responsible for the colour of your skin, eyes, and hair, among other things. It is created through a process called melanogenesis. Dark-skinned people often have more melanin than light-skinned people. 

Now, having established increased melanin at the top of the list of the causes of skin pigmentation, it’s important to know what can trigger an increase in melanin production. A couple of them are:

Excessive exposure to sunlight

Have you ever wondered how your body gets a little more tanned when you intentionally stay in the sunlight for several hours? Have you noticed that if you do get a tan all over your body, your bikini area is likely to remain unscathed? If you have, you should know that it is largely because the sun is one of the leading causes of skin pigmentation. 

Your body naturally produces melanin when you get exposed to sunlight. Naturally, the process is designed as a way to protect you from UV rays. In a way, you can say that your body acts as your personal sunscreen. However, the longer you stay in the sun, the more melanin your body will need to produce. 

If you’re lucky enough not to get a ridiculously painful sunburn, you’ll tan first. At that point, it may be attractive, especially if it’s all over your body. But, the longer you stay under the sun without appropriate protection for your skin, the worse it becomes.

It gets worse if only a part of your body gets exposed to the sunlight. It means that part will continue producing more and more melanin. Eventually, what was meant to be a coping mechanism for excess sunlight turns into a skin condition — skin pigmentation 

Skin pigmentation caused by sun exposure doesn’t usually happen in a day, or two, for that matter. It won’t come along because you accidentally slept off under the sun at the beach. It’s more likely to show up after years and years of careless sun exposure without sunscreen.

what causes pigmentation

A change in hormones

This factor is another major cause of skin pigmentation in people across the world. It is particularly responsible for the skin pigmentation that comes along with melasma or chloasma. This condition is particularly common among pregnant women or those who have taken oral contraceptives as explained earlier. Beyond that, any hormone treatment that alters hormones’ production in the body can lead to pigmentation.

The way it works is that as the hormones “sense” an imbalance in their production, they begin to alter melanin production levels in the body. As such, even if you’re only exposed to a moderate amount of sunlight, your body may start producing more melanin than you need. In the end, you’ll get dark patches of skin on your face or on your belly. 


In reality, drugs interact with your body in many different ways. As such, several different drugs can alter your melanin production levels, leading to skin pigmentation. 

Certain drugs used in chemotherapy can cause skin pigmentation. Away from chemotherapy drugs, you can also get skin pigmentation as a tradeoff from using antibiotics, antiseizure, and antimalarial drugs.

Injuries and inflammations

Normally, when your skin is healing a wound, it produces a bit more collagen. This is to ensure that a lot of restorative processes happen, from regaining skin tightness to healing scars, among others. However, for more reasons than one, your collagen levels may be low. As such, the chances are that the injury or inflammation may leave behind the parting gift of a dark patch of skin. 

It is particularly common when you have inflammations or injuries from acne, psoriasis, and Atopic Dermatitis. 


The human body is filled with different cells and bodies responsible for carrying out various functions. One such group of cells are the melanocytes. As you can probably imagine, they’re responsible for seeing your body through the melanin production process — melanogenesis. 

Unfortunately, like every other cell in your body, their production can become depleted, and they can die off. This is especially common with age. However, the strange thing is that as melanocytes’ production thins out in your body and others die off, the surviving few become bigger.

When that happens, they’ll begin to produce melanin in more concentrated forms. Any area of your skin where this phenomenon occurs is likely to experience skin pigmentations. 

Think of it like replacing the sprinklers all over a building with huge taps that just pour out water when smoke sensors go off. They may do the job of putting out the fire. But, because the water is so concentrated in one tap, it’ll end up just flooding the room. 

Medical conditions

Skin pigmentation is a condition in itself. But, it can also be the sign or symptom of an even bigger condition. For instance, if you have gastrointestinal or autoimmune diseases, they’re likely to trigger skin pigmentation in your body. Alongside that, if you have vitamin deficiencies or metabolic issues, you may get skin pigmentation.

Another occurrence of skin pigmentation with medical conditions is Addison’s disease. It is an endocrine ailment, and it often causes pigmentation in the places that are most exposed to sunlight and friction, like your elbows or knees. 


Birthmarks are marks that you’re born with. Many of them are pigmented, and some aren’t. They usually just occur naturally and do not require you to get skin pigmentation treatments in Newmarket. This is largely because they fade off on their own after a while. 

However, this isn’t the case for all birthmarks. Some of them either take much longer before they fade off after birth, or they remain permanently. While there are different types of birthmarks you can get, here are some of the pigmented ones:

  • Moles: These are brown or black patches of skin that appear in different parts of your skin. They aren’t caused by excessive sun exposure or by medical conditions, or anything else that came earlier on this list. They are merely there, posing no threat to your health. However, given their darker pigment, it’s evident that there’s a bit more melanin production in your mole area. For some, this little mole may not be enough reason to start searching for where to get skin pigmentation treatments. But, it certainly can be fixed. 
  • Café-au-lait spot: These are oval-shaped patches of discoloured skin on the human body. They are usually light brown or coffee black. This pigmentation is likely to fade away naturally as you grow older.
  • Mongolian blue spots: These usually appear on the buttocks or the back of babies. It is usually a grey or blue discoloration but still qualifies as a pigmentation. It is most common among darker skin children.

Related article: How to Get Rid of Skin Pigmentation

How To Treat Skin Pigmentation?

Having learned about the causes of skin pigmentation, it’s only natural that you figure out how to get rid of it. Luckily, advances in cosmetic technology mean there are easy ways to reduce the appearance of pigmentation. 

Chemical peels are one of the best treatments available to manage pigmentation. It’s non-invasive and offers brilliant results. Over the next few sections, we will show you what to expect from chemical peels.

Chemical peels: Everything You Need To Know

Chemical peels for pigmentation treatment involve using special types of acids to exfoliate your skin’s top layer. There are different chemical peel treatments with different levels of intensity. They include:

  • Glycolic Acid Peels. These are the lightest form of chemical peels. These are useful for treating mild pigmentation issues.
  • TCA (Trichloroacetic Acid) Peels: These are significantly more powerful than their predecessor. Their concentration is so intense that they can take care of deeper pigmentations in your skin.
  • Phenolic peels: This type of chemical peel is the strongest of all three. The concentration is so high that you may need anesthesia to undergo the process. The importance of a qualified medical professional here cannot be overemphasized. 

The main purpose of all three types of treatment is to remove the top layer of pigmented skin. This automatically triggers the healing process in your body, forcing your skin to begin regenerating itself. When it does, you’re not likely to see the pigmented areas appearing again.

Now, you should know that despite the obvious care required to carry out this method of treatment, it can still be practised at home. However, at-home chemical peels are highly inadvisable. When performed by a qualified and trained medical aesthetician in Newmarket, you’ll get safety and effectiveness. But, when you do it yourself, you’re not likely to get results. Worse still, you may have to deal with multiple complications.

What Are The Benefits of Chemical Peels?

At the top of our list of benefits of chemical peels for pigmentation is that the procedure isn’t an invasive one. As such, you don’t need to worry about your skin getting pierced or subject to incisions. Alongside that, you won’t have to worry about major surgical infections. 

Another thing that’s particularly enticing about this treatment method is its minimal recovery time. Of course, this depends on the intensity of the chemical peel you get. But, all things being equal, you can expect to be back on your feet in no time.

What are the potential side effects?

Among other things, you may experience:

  • Redness
  • Scarring 
  • Infection

The first side effect on this list is actually quite normal. It should disappear after the first few days or weeks. Scarring, on the other hand, is quite rare. The best way to prevent it from happening is by working with a professional who knows what they’re doing. The occurrence of the third side effect is incredibly rare. It only shows up when you neglect your medical aesthetician’s aftercare orders.

Who Can Use Chemical Peels for Skin Pigmentation?

Technically speaking, virtually everyone can use chemical peels to remove pigmentation. However, it is even better for light-skinned people who get pigmentation due to excessive sun exposure. But, chemical peels may be a bad idea if:

  • You’re expecting a child
  • You have cold sores often. 

To find out your perfect compatibility, you must speak with a medical aesthetician first. 

What is the Cost of Chemical Peels in Newmarket?

The cost of chemical peels in Canada differs from place to place because your medical aesthetician has to calculate several factors. These include the anesthesia you’ll require for intense chemical peel sessions and the size of the area to be covered, among others. 

The surest way to know the cost will be to contact your potential service provider. However, once you’ve confirmed the cost, you must remember that your insurance company may not fund it. You’d have to pay by yourself.

In Conclusion

In this article, we’ve explored the causes of skin pigmentation in detail. We’ve established that while it may be caused by external factors like the sun, your hormones can also be a culprit. 

Regardless of the cause, if you have the condition, you can treat it efficiently. Start by checking out our medical spa in Newmarket for pigmentation

How to Get Rid of Skin Pigmentation

How to Get Rid of Skin Pigmentation

Ever notice dark spots or blackening of some sort on your skin? If you are seeing blackening of the skin, you may have a case of skin pigmentation. Worry not! We will find out what causes that darkening and how to get rid of skin pigmentation.

Skin pigmentation refers to the slight colouring of one’s skin. Our skin contains melanin, a kind of cell that is responsible for giving our skin its colour. Due to some external and internal factors, the melanin in your skin may have some disorders resulting in an unusual skin colouration from your normal skin.

Sometimes, your skin would produce excess melanin that would result in hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is a medical term that is used to describe the darkening of the skin. It may be just a few patches or a wide area. There are a lot of factors that could trigger skin pigmentation like acne scars, hormonal fluctuations, and sun damage.

In this article, we will be talking about skin pigmentation, what causes it, how to deal with it and the best ways to treat skin pigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is but normal to all skin types. Having the knowledge as to what it is and how to get rid of skin pigmentation should give you an edge in achieving that flawless and perfect skin.

What Can Causes Skin Pigmentation

For most people, the leading cause of skin pigmentation is excessive exposure to the sun and sustaining sun damage. Sure, getting a tan and having your daily dose of sunshine is good, but overexposure may just cause your skin to darken, and worse build-up dark spots and pigmentation.

You may notice that skin pigmentation usually occurs on body parts that are frequently exposed to the sun. But excessive sun exposure is not the only cause of skin pigmentation. Here are some other causes:

  • A number of medications, this can include chemotherapy drugs
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Pregnancy hormones
  • Endocrine diseases like Addison’s disease
  • Melasma
  • Skin irritation or skin trauma
  • Resistance to insulin

Hyperpigmentation or skin pigmentation nothing but common. It is usually a harmless condition where only a patch of skin on certain parts of the body exhibits discolouration. But knowing more about skin pigmentation is a must as it might also be an indication of underlying health concerns. Consulting a dermatologist would be the best thing to do to understand your case of skin pigmentation.

It is also a given fact that some people are more prone to having skin pigmentation compared to others. We must know that this skin darkening could be a result of years of sun exposure or internal factors including hormonal changes and more.


What You Can Do To Get Rid of Skin Pigmentation

Know this. If you are currently dealing with hyperpigmentation, you are not alone. It is but a common skin condition and there are a number of varying treatment options you can choose from.

We’re pretty sure that you’ve seen a lot of advertisements and tv commercials about treating dark spots. Here are some options that you can choose from to get rid of skin pigmentation:

Lightening Creams

One of the best ways to get rid of skin pigmentation is to use lightening creams. These are over-the-counter treatments that work. Thanks to its select ingredients, lightening creams help decrease pigmentation. Some lightening creams are available in strong prescription forms.

You can apply these creams once or twice a day so your skin will lighten over time. There are also available lightening creams in gel options.

Over-the-counter lightening creams include these common ingredients:

  • hydroquinone
  • licorice extract
  • N-acetylglucosamine
  • vitamin B-3 (niacinamide)

With the accessibility of otc products like lightening creams (and sometimes its affordability), hyperpigmentation is easy to get rid of. These lightening creams would work best for flat spots like melasma or age spots.

When you have patches of discolouration, try to consider lightening creams for getting fairer and better skin. The only drawback here is that results might take longer to achieve compared to clinical and professional treatments.


Face Acids

Before you jump into anything and say that you won’t put any type of acid on your face, hear us out first, please. Contrary to popular belief, we are actually using a lot of products that contain acid that we put on or apply to our skin.

In the case of face acids, these are the type of acids that helps in exfoliation or shedding the top layer of the skin. With this, new skin cells emerge thus giving a lighter or fairer skin and even out your skin tone. With the use of face acids, you can also have smoother skin overall.

Face acids are generally available over-the-counter. They can contain ingredients such as:

  • alpha-hydroxy acids, such as glycolic, lactic, citric, malic, or tartaric acid
  • azelaic acid
  • kojic acid
  • salicylic acid
  • vitamin C (in the form of l-ascorbic acid)

People with lighter or fairer skin tones would benefit more in using face acids. Just be cautious about using face acids as some may give adverse effects like redness or irritation. It is best to try only a little first and see if it suits your skin.


Retinoids are derived from vitamin A. It is one of the oldest over-the-counter skincare ingredients that is used today. By using retinoids you can target the deep layers of your skin below the epidermis.

Just take note that OTC versions of retinoids are somewhat weaker compare to their prescription counterparts. Though OTC retinoids are generally safe for all skin types, it is recommended that you double-check with your dermatologist if it is not showing any results at all. Other uses of retinoids include treating skin wrinkles and achieving smooth skin.


Related article: What Are the Causes of Skin Pigmentation?

Chemical Peels

When treating a specific area of the skin, you can choose to use stronger acids at a heavier concentration. Chemical peels are one of these. By removing the epidermis, chemical peels help in reducing hyperpigmentation in a short amount of time.


Though you can get over-the-counter versions of chemical peels, it is better to consult a dermatologist and get a professional-grade chemical peel. Since chemical peels are stronger compared to usual face acids, you get quicker results but also increase the risk of side effects. That is why talking to your dermatologist first is a must when using chemical peels.

Now, if you are constantly out in the sun, chemical peels may not be the best option for you. Because chemical peels make your skin sensitive to the sun’s rays, it could only make your hyperpigmentation worse. Thus, it is advisable to take extra precautionary measures after a week of using chemical peels.

Here are also some important steps you should take when using these kinds of peels:

  • Keep your skin moisturized
  • Avoid scratching or touching bug bites, blackheads and other skin irritations
  • Consider getting a prescription-grade medicine for stubborn skin pigmentation
  • Consult a dermatologist at once for clinical treatments.

Best Treatments for Skin Pigmentation

Topical creams and acids are some of the best ways to get rid of skin pigmentation. The only drawback in using these is that they may take time before showing results and fully relieving you of those dark spots. But don’t worry, there are available treatments that you could consider to get those dark spots out.


When it comes to the most effective treatment, laser skin treatments are a top choice to get rid of skin pigmentation. By using a focused beam of light, lasers target a specific area of pigmentation to break up and eliminate particles in the skin. With the use of intense pulsed light or IPL, your unwanted pigmentation and dark spots can be treated with ease.

Of course, such a treatment that promises great results won’t come cheap. But if you are aiming for quick results with the best outcome, then laser skin treatments are your best choice! Contact your dermatologist today so you could explore options and learn more about laser skin treatments for skin pigmentation.



Microdermabrasion is also one of the well-recognized skin exfoliating treatments available in the market today. It treats hyperpigmentation by using tiny particles of sand to remove away dead skin. Microdermabrasion is a non-chemical treatment. This means that there is no concern over damaged tissues after the treatment and it does not require a long recovery time.

If you have a mild case of hyperpigmentation, then microdermabrasion is the best way to go. The result that microdermabrasion offers are very much suited to improving skin to get rid of skin pigmentation.


Microneedling is a treatment that is not for the faint of heart. As the name suggests, micro-needling is a clinical treatment that utilizes medical-grade, stainless steel rollers that are covered with microneedles. By doing micro-needling, it creates a series of micro-injuries that promotes the rebuilding of skin collagen production. Furthermore, this enables the skin to heal skin pigmentation and improve skin elasticity as well.

Dermatologists may combine micro-needling with topical treatments to achieve the best results. Infusing ingredients like vitamin C will help lighten the skin. This will then help to get rid of skin pigmentation. Please do take note of the potential risks that scarring from micro-needling could give if not properly done. It is best to consult a certified dermal clinic for this type of treatment.


Hyperpigmentation or skin pigmentation is usually a harmless skin condition. It may be sometimes caused by an underlying medical condition. Certain medications could help to get rid of skin pigmentation. But dealing with skin pigmentation is better done under a medical professional’s supervision. 

Thanks to the technological advancements we have today in the dermatological industry, there are a lot of ways to get rid of skin pigmentation available for every skin type out there. Canada Med Laser is here to help you out with your hyperpigmentation concerns. Our dermal clinic is ready to accommodate you and help you achieve the healthy and perfect skin you deserve. Contact us today to learn more about how you can get rid of skin pigmentation.

Skin pigmentation treatments: Cost, Procedure, Benefits and Potential Risks

How to manage oily skin

Feeling and looking comfortable is a big part of feeling pretty or handsome. However, if you suffer from pigmentation, feeling comfortable in your skin can be a huge ask. Skin pigmentation is a condition that can cause an individual to have self-esteem and confidence issues.

Usually, skin pigmentation is more common among women. If you suffer from skin pigmentation, it is entirely likely that you have resorted to colour correctors, foundation or concealers to hide your uneven skin tone. Of course, pigmentation can be concealed by using makeup. However, it is not the same as feeling confident enough to step out of the home without makeup.

This article contains an in-depth look at skin pigmentation. Remedies that can help you with your confidence and facial appearance are also outlined in this article. Keep reading to see how to get rid of your uneven skin tone.

What is skin pigmentation?

It is referred to as hyperpigmentation by in the cosmetic and medical aesthetics industry. Pigmentation is a skin condition that darkens random patches of the skin. These patches do not follow a specific pattern; they can be small or big.

Skin pigmentation is not physically harmful or uncomfortable. However, it may be a sign of a deeper underlying medical problem and causes you to look unhealthy as well as older.

Have you ever wondered how pigmentation comes about? Your skin gets its natural tone from cells called melanocytes. Melanocytes are in charge of melanin production. When the melanocytes in your skin get damaged, they produce melanin excessively, a situation that causes your skin to darken in patches.

What causes pigmentation?

Pigmentation can develop in your skin for a number of reasons. Some of the most common causes include:

  • Overexposure to the sun
  • Skin damage brought on by injury
  • Genetic factors
  • Hormonal changes
  • Allergic reactions
  • Improper hair removal

Types of pigmentation

Depending on the causative factors, skin pigmentation can be divided into three broad groups. They are:

1. Melasma

Melasma is a form of pigmentation that is peculiar to women. If you are a woman with dark skin colour, then you are highly susceptible to melasma. Discoloration brought on by melasma usually occurs on the forehead, cheeks, nose or above the mouth. The fact that it often occurs near sensitive regions makes melasma hard to treat.

Melasma is caused by hormonal shifts. This can happen if you use oral contraceptives, during pregnancies or naturally. Melasma gets worse when you expose your skin to the sun. Additionally, post-menopausal women who receive progesterone during hormone therapy may develop melasma

Melasma Symptoms

  • Dark patches on the face
  • Patches appear symmetrical
  • Patches appear primarily on the face

2. Post- Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)

This form of pigmentation is brought on by severe skin inflammation like psoriasis, acne, and eczema. These skin conditions have been known to increase the rate at which your skin would produce pigments, essentially causing dark spots. Post-inflammatory pigmentation can occur in people with different skin types, but it is a common occurrence for people with darker skin tones.

PIH Symptoms

  • The brown patches appear on the area where the skin inflammation happened
  • Pigmentation occurs after the injury or inflammation has healed
  • The patches are usually light brown or black
  • Patches grow darker with exposure to the sun

3. Sunspots or sun damage

The major factor that contributes to the development of pigmentation is increased exposure to the sun. That means that it is a skin condition that develops over time.

If you are developing pigmentation in your thirties, remember that it is a pile-up of exposure to the sun that started during your teenage years.

Pigmentation brought on by sun damage is typically light brown. Sometimes, they may be referred to as freckles. Appearing majorly on the face, sun spots may sometimes extend to the neck, chest, and hands. These are all body parts that receive prolonged exposure to UV rays. Sun spots are a common skin condition among people who have light or medium skin tones. Like other forms of pigmentation, they get darker with increased sun exposure.

Diagnosing Sunspots

Usually, a visual examination should be enough to diagnose pigmentation brought on by sun damage. However, sometimes, sunspots may be a symptom of an underlying condition such as skin cancer. This means that your medical examiner may have to conduct other tests.

These tests are in line with the ABCDE guideline:

A – for detecting  the asymmetry of the patches
B – for checking the exact border of the patches
C – for the color of the patches
D –  concerned primarily with measuring the diameter of the sunspots
E – this determines whether or not the sun posts are evolving

Pigmentation can be a very self-conscious skin condition. However, if you suffer from pigmentation, there is good news for you. Ninety percent of the time, pigmentation responds admirably to treatments.
Of course, just like other tenets of science, research is still ongoing as to the best way to treat skin pigmentation. Every day, cosmetic experts are always coming up with newer, faster and more efficient forms of treating these unwanted spots.

Here at Canada MedLaser, we understand the need to get rid of spots brought on by pigmentation. That is why we use two of the most effective treatment options available to get rid of these spots. They are Dynamic Pulse Control treatments and chemical peels.

Treatment options for pigmentation

Here’s the most popular ones on the market:

  • Dynamic Pulse Control treatment


1. Dynamic Pulse Control treatment

Mostly referred to as DPC treatments, dynamic pulse control treatments involve using specialized light beams to penetrate different layers of the epidermis and dermis region. When this is done repeatedly, the pigmented skin lesions are exposed. Over time, the skin lesions turns into a crust-like surface that falls off naturally.

With each DPC treatment that you undergo, the pigmentation gets lighter in color, until eventually, it diminishes completely. During DPC treatments, the light beams are automatically attracted to the dark, red pigments in your skin. With photothermolysis, the pigments are coagulated. They lose their ability to absorb blood and with time, become invisible to the naked eyes.

The uniqueness of DPC treatments

Dynamic Pulse Control treatments are different from other forms of treatments. It is different in the fact that it makes use of optimal protocols as well as high-energy levels. This makes each treatment session as short and as effective as possible.

The technology used for DPC treatments has a varied selection of pulse configurations namely: smooth, high and long. This flexibility and pulse control facilitates a wide range of thermal effects including:

  • Selective heating of tissues to achieve neocollagenesis
  • Increased heating to activate a secondary healing response
  • Stimulate increased epidermal regeneration
  • Induce thermal damage to force lesion clearance

Cost of DPC treatments

There are different methods for treating pigmentation.  Microdermabrasion, as well as dermabrasion treatments, can cost as much as $2,000. It all depends on the number of treatments.

Dynamic pulse control treatments, on the other hand, vary in price. They can cost as much as $500 – $2,000 depending on some factors. These factors include:

  • The region of the skin being treated
  • The type of equipment that is used
  • Your location
  • Your service care provider

DPC treatments Risks

When compared with other methods of treating pigmentation, Dynamic Pulse Control treatments are relatively safe. It makes use of auto pulse configurations that guarantee treatment under the safest possible conditions.

DPC devices are equipped with a sapphire cooling system that has multiple control models to make the treatment as comfortable as possible. There is little risk of scarring, irritation, and discomfort

DPC treatments Benefits

DPC treatments come with a load of benefits for the user. The main benefit is that you are left with smoother, more evenly-toned and younger looking skin. Some other benefits of DPC treatments for pigmentation are:

  • Reduced pain levels
  • Zero risks of inflammation
  • Improved tissue regeneration
  • Better nerve regeneration and repair
  • Increased blood and nutrient circulation
  • Even skin tone

2. Chemical  Peels

A chemical peel refers to any form of treatment in which an acidic solution is used in removing the damaged outer layers of the skin. During chemical peels, aestheticians apply alpha hydroxy acids, phenol or trichloroacetic acids to the skin.

Typically, chemical peels are applied as facial masks to the skin. They are hugely beneficial as they enhance and smoothen the texture of the skin. It is an effective treatment that works for all skin types.

Chemical peels are one of the oldest aesthetic solutions out there. Today, they are extremely popular because they offer immediate results and are less painful than surgical procedures.

Chemical  Peels Procedure

During chemical peels, the outer layer of the skin is exfoliated. Afterward, the outermost layer of the skin is removed by applying the chemical peel and allowing it to sit for a stipulated amount of time. In doing so, a new skin layer is revealed with improved tone, color, and texture.

Chemical  Peels Cost

The cost of undergoing chemical peel treatments differs from one location to another. Additionally, it is also a function of your service care provider. Currently, the price of chemical peels ranges from about $700 to $1500. Keep in mind that you may have to pay for anesthesia treatment, post-procedural healthcare and in very severe cases, possible hospital care.

Conclusively, the overall cost of your treatment will be dependent on the type of chemical peel that you need, the condition of your skin and other unique factors. Light intensity chemical peels can sometimes cost $150 while deep intensity chemical peels are far more expensive.

Chemical  Peels Risks and Benefits

A chemical peel is a relatively safe chemical procedure. It rarely results in overly serious complications. However, it is crucial for you to know that certain risks exist if you want to get a chemical peel.
These risks are:

  • Scarring
  • Infection
  • Swelling
  • Cold sore outbreaks

Of course, these side effects can be reduced by following your cosmetic aesthetician’s instructions before and after the procedure. Chemical peels have a plethora of benefits for your skin. Undergoing the procedure will leave you with a youthful appearance, reduced wrinkles, and even out pigmentation.

Home remedies for pigmentation

Undoubtedly, modern cosmetic treatments are the best solution for pigmentation. However, there are also home remedies that can adequately counter the discoloration that is caused by pigmentation. They include:

1. Raw Potato

Raw potatoes have been known to work efficiently for pigmented skin patches and dark spots. This is because of an enzyme named catecholase that is contained within them. This enzyme inhibits the normal functioning of your melanocytes, stopping the production of excessive melanin. Raw potatoes should be used about 3-4 times every month for maximum effectiveness.

To make use of raw potatoes, follow these simple steps:

  • Cut a clean, washed and healthy potato in half
  • Add about three drops of water to the cut side of the potatoes
  • In circular motions, rub the cut side of the potato on the affected regions
  • Wait for about ten minutes before rinsing the area with warm water


2. Lemon/Lime with honey

Lemon juice has been discovered to be a bleaching agent while natural honey is an excellent moisturizer. The combination of these two natural agents helps to combat skin pigmentation. Additionally, lemons are a great source of vitamin C and have antioxidant properties. This means that they protect your skin from suffering from UV damage.

To use this natural remedy, follow these simple steps:

  • Cut the lemon into little pieces and collect the juice
  • Add honey to the lemon juice and mix the two components together for a few minutes
  • Apply the resultant mixture to the affected areas of your skin.
  • Wait for about fifteen minutes before washing off the mixture with lukewarm water
  • Use this combo twice every day until there is an improvement.


3. Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar has astringent properties that can help your skin to restore its natural color. Vinegar, on the other hand, contains beta-carotene. Beta-carotene can help treat the damage caused to the skin by radicals in the atmosphere. Apple cider vinegar also has properties that can make your skin radiant and supple.

To use this remedy, follow these simple steps:

  • Dilute the apple cider vinegar by adding water
  • Apply the mixture on to the affected patches of your skin
  • Let it sit for about five minutes before rinsing using lukewarm water

4. Aloe Vera

Aloe vera is a neutral cleansing agent. It can cleanse your skin without affecting the natural oil and pH balance of your skin. It also contributes to the reduction of dark spots and offers increased protection from damage brought on by UV radiation from the sun.

To use aloe vera to combat pigmentation, follow these simple steps:

  • Mix the aloe vera gel with raw honey and allow the mixture to sit for about ten minutes
  • After ten minutes has elapsed, apply the mixture to your skin
  • Wait for twenty minutes before washing the mixture with lukewarm water
  • For maximum effect, use the mixture, once a day for two weeks

5. Cucumber

Cucumber has natural properties that rejuvenate your skin and improves its overall complexion. Additionally, cucumber can be used as a remedy against blemishes and freckles.

To use cucumber:

  • Mix cucumber juice, honey, and lemon juice until you get an even mixture
  • Apply the smooth mix on the affected parts of your skin
  • Leave the mixture for ten minutes before washing it off with lukewarm water
  • Apply the paste twice every day until you notice improvements


6. Avocado extract

Avocado contains Vitamin C as well as oleic acid. These two nutrients maintain skin firmness while also making sure that your skin is well nourished.  Avocado contains latex enzymes that may induce allergies in some people. Make sure you carry out a patch test before you use avocado.

To use avocado, follow these steps:

  • Mash all of the avocados, making sure that the paste is entirely devoid of lumps
  • Apply the mashed avocado paste on the affected areas of your skin
  • Leave it for about 30 minutes before rinsing it off with lukewarm water


Preventing pigmentation

The probability of you suffering from pigmentation can be reduced by following some simple tips. They include:

1. Don’t forget to use sunscreen

Anytime you are going out, make sure that you don’t forget to use sunscreen. Always make sure that you use one with high SPF values and one that offers maximum protection from UVB and UVA rays. Apply it to all exposed parts anytime you are going out.

2. Protect yourself from the sun

Apart from using sunscreen, use hats, sunglasses, and umbrellas to protect yourself from the sun. Make sure that you can prevent sun rays from touching your skin by any means possible.

3. Follow a proper skin care routine

Maintaining your skin is important. This helps your skin to deal with the constant abuse it goes through daily. Exposure to different environmental factors can damage your skin. If you suffer from an inflammatory condition, use proper skincare products. Inflammatory products can cause pigmentation if not dealt with appropriately.


Final words

Pigmentation can be a worrisome skin condition. However, there are effective solutions that can help you look good again. At Canada MedLaser, we encourage you to explore our modern cosmetic treatment options. Our medical aestheticians are able to help you with your every need. Contact us today!